"Like a sunburn on your lungs": How does the climate crisis impact health?

By Emily Holden – The Guardian

/ CBS News

Climate and health

Washington, D.C. — The climate crisis is making people sicker — worsening illnesses ranging from seasonal allergies to heart and lung disease.

Children, pregnant people and the elderly are the most at risk from extreme weather and rising heat. But the impact of the climate crisis — for patients, doctors and researchers — is already being felt across every specialty of medicine, with worse feared to come.

"There's research suggesting that our prescription medications may be causing harm because of changing heat patterns," said Aaron Bernstein, a pediatric hospitalist who is the co-director of the Center for Climate, Health and the Global Environment at Harvard University.

Climate Change More

More in Climate Change

"There's evidence that extreme weather events are affecting critical medical supplies so we can't do things as we normally would do because IV fluids aren't available. And there's evidence that extreme weather events are knocking out power more and more, and that is a huge issue for providing care in health care facilities."

In a recent example,a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that lung cancer patients undergoing radiation were less likely to survive when hurricane disasters disrupted their treatments.

An August article in the New England Journal of Medicine lays out dozens of similar studies to show how the climate crisis affects each practice of medicine. Renee Salas, a co-author of the report, who teaches emergency medicine at Harvard Medical School, said: "The climate crisis is impacting not only health for our patients but the way we deliver care and our ability to do our jobs. And that's happening today."

Allergies

Climate change makes allergies worse.

As temperatures increase, plants produce more pollen for longer periods of time, intensifying the allergy seasons. Increased concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can make plants grow more and cause more grass pollen, which causes allergies in about 20% of people. Carbon dioxide can also increase the allergy-causing effects of pollen.

Neelu Tummala, an ear, nose and throat specialist at the George Washington Medical Faculty Associates in Washington, D.C., said she sees many patients with allergic rhinitis, or inflammation of the nasal cavity, congestion and post-nasal drip.

"It used to be that tree pollens were only in spring, grasses were just in summer, ragweed was just in fall," Tummala said. "But the timing of those is starting to overlap more."

One of Tummala's patients, Kelly Kenney, had minor seasonal allergies as a child but now suffers from year-round from sinus pains, ear pressure and congestion.

"The last four years, my symptoms have gotten increasingly worse," Kenney said.

Pregnancy and newborn complications

Pregnant people are more vulnerable to heat and the air pollution that is being made worse by climate change.

Bruce Bekkar, a San Diego-based obstetrician gynecologist who stopped practicing six years ago to spend more time as a climate activist, has compiled 68 studies from the continental U.S. on the association between heat, smog and the tiny particles of pollution that come from fossil fuels and how they are connected with premature birth, low birth weight and stillbirth.

More smog forms when it is hot, and some research suggests particulate matter also increases with the climate crisis, although the data is less robust.

Bekkar said he and his co-authors found a significant association in 58 of the 68 studies. The body of research covers 30 million births in the U.S.

Bekkar said doctors should talk to their patients about how heat waves could lead to premature births and how staying away from air pollution can help them keep their children healthy.

"We're finding that we have increasing numbers of children born already in a weakened state from heat and air pollution. That's a totally different story than thinking about climate change as the cause of hurricanes over Florida. … It's a much more pervasive and ongoing impact."

In the developing world pregnant people can also suffer from food and water scarcity. Insect-borne illnesses — such as the Zika virus, which was spread by mosquitoes — are also a hazard to developing fetuses.

Heart and lung disease

Air pollution gets worse as temperatures rise, stressing both the heart and lungs. The fossil fuel pollution that causes the climate crisis also is linked with increased hospitalizations and deaths from cardiovascular disease, and it is connected with more asthma attacks and other breathing problems.

More intense wildfires spew dangerous smoke into the air, as documented in the western U.S. this year. And hotter days make more smog, which the American Lung Association describes as acting "like a sunburn on your lungs which may trigger an asthma attack."

Risks for children

Children under the age of 5 experience the majority of the health burden from climate change, according to Salas' report.

Samantha Ahdoot, a pediatrician in Alexandria, Virginia, treated an 11-year-old and a 13-year-old who moved from Florida after a hurricane destroyed their community and their medical records at their doctor's office.

One needed surgery for a heart condition and had to start from scratch with a new cardiologist. Both had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that was harder to treat amid the major life disruption and without records on adjustments to medication dosages. Ahdoot, who also founded the group Virginia Clinicians for Climate Action, said she has seen an influx of families moving because of weather disasters.

Dehydration and kidney problems

Much hotter days make it harder to stay hydrated. They are linked with electrolyte imbalances, kidney stones and kidney failure. Patients who need dialysis as their kidneys fail can have trouble getting treatment during extreme weather events.

Skin disease

Higher temperatures and the depletion of the ozone layer increase the risk of skin cancer. The same refrigerants and gases that damage the ozone layer contribute to climate change.

Digestive illnesses

Heat is linked with higher risks for salmonella and campylobacter outbreaks. Extreme rains can contaminate drinking water. Harmful algae blooms that thrive in higher temperatures can cause gastrointestinal problems, too.

Infectious disease

Changing temperature and rainfall patterns allow some insects spread farther and transmit malaria, dengue, Lyme disease and West Nile virus. Waterborne cholera and cryptosporidiosis increase with drought and flooding.

Mental health conditions

The American Psychological Association created a 69-page guide on how climate change can induce stress, depression and anxiety. The group says "the connections with mental health are often not part" of the climate-health discussion.

People exposed to or displaced by extreme weather or violent conflict are at higher risk for mental health challenges. Extreme heat can also make some mental illnesses worse.

The University of Maryland's Howard Center for Investigative Journalism found emergency calls relating to psychiatric conditions increased about 40% in Baltimore in summer 2018, when the heat index surged above 103 F, as reported on NPR.

And some psychotropic medications interfere with the body's ability to regulate temperature – increasing vulnerability to heat.

Neurologic disease

Fossil fuel pollution can increase the risk of stroke. Coal combustion also produces mercury – a neurotoxin for fetuses. Diseases spread by mosquitoes and ticks increase the chance of neurological problems. Extreme heat is also linked with cerebrovascular disease, a disorder that affects blood supply to the brain.

Nutrition

Carbon dioxide emissions are lowering the nutritional density of food crops, reducing plant levels of protein, zinc and iron and leading to more nutritional deficiencies. Food supplies are also disrupted by drought, societal instability and inequity linked with climate change.

Trauma

Extreme weather events, including hurricanes, floods and wildfires, often cause physical injuries. Doctors see minor fractures, crush injuries and smoke inhalation. Extreme heat is also linked with aggression and violence, and the climate crisis globally is connected with violent conflict and forced migration.

This story originally appeared in The Guardian. It is republished here as part of CBS News's partnership with Covering Climate Now, a global collaboration of more than 250 news outlets to strengthen coverage of the climate story.

See more CBS News climate coverage here.

First published on September 17, 2019 / 2:18 PM

© 2019 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.

climate-logo2.jpg smoggy city

"Like a sunburn on your lungs": How does the climate crisis impact health?

Children, pregnant people and the elderly are the most at risk from extreme weather and heat – but the impact is already felt across every specialty of medicine

12M ago smoggy city cbsn-fusion-american-paul-whelan-held-in-russia-to-remain-in-prison-accused-of-spying-thumbnail-1918663-640x360.jpg

Ex-Marine detained in Russia urges world leaders to intervene

The Moscow City Court has denied the appeal Paul Whelan, a Michigan resident, and his defense team

1H ago cbsn-fusion-american-paul-whelan-held-in-russia-to-remain-in-prison-accused-of-spying-thumbnail-1918663-640x360.jpg 0917-ctm-iranoilstrike-jiang-1934872-640x360.jpg

U.S. official says attack on Saudi Arabia launched from Iranian soil

The United States has identified the exact locations from which more than 20 drones and cruise missiles were launched, a senior official says

2H ago 0917-ctm-iranoilstrike-jiang-1934872-640x360.jpg cbsn-fusion-climate-change-a-critical-issue-for-2020-campaigns-thumbnail-1927315-640x360.jpg

Climate change front and center as U.N. gathers for annual summit

An initiative sparked by a young climate activist will steal a lot of limelight, but crises in the Mideast, Asia and even the U.K. will also come to the fore in New York

3H ago cbsn-fusion-climate-change-a-critical-issue-for-2020-campaigns-thumbnail-1927315-640x360.jpg swim.jpg

American cancer survivor sets English Channel swimming record

Sarah Thomas, 37, survived breast cancer last year before swimming 130 miles – four times across the Channel – to set a record

4H ago swim.jpg Donald Trump

Trump's Cabinet has included more ex-lobbyists than Obama or Bush

President Trump claimed he would drain the swamp, but it's unclear what he meant by that

38M ago Donald Trump New Yorkers Remember Victims Of Mass Shootings In El Paso And Dayton

Ocasio-Cortez makes first endorsement for a House primary challenger

The prominent progressive congresswoman endorsed Marie Newman in her challenge against Illinois Congressman Dan Lipinski

40M ago New Yorkers Remember Victims Of Mass Shootings In El Paso And Dayton cbsn-fusion-american-paul-whelan-held-in-russia-to-remain-in-prison-accused-of-spying-thumbnail-1918663-640x360.jpg

Ex-Marine detained in Russia urges world leaders to intervene

The Moscow City Court has denied the appeal Paul Whelan, a Michigan resident, and his defense team

1H ago cbsn-fusion-american-paul-whelan-held-in-russia-to-remain-in-prison-accused-of-spying-thumbnail-1918663-640x360.jpg FILE PHOTO: A bump fire stock that attaches to a semi-automatic rifle to increase the firing rate is seen at Good Guys Gun Shop in Orem

Author of early "red flag" law says it has "stood the test of time"

Michael Lawlor wrote the nation's first red flag law, enacted in 1999 in Connecticut

1H ago FILE PHOTO: A bump fire stock that attaches to a semi-automatic rifle to increase the firing rate is seen at Good Guys Gun Shop in Orem istock-000021256287-medium.jpg

Hospitals are some of America's toughest debt collectors

"How am I ever going to pay off $164,000?" asks one patient who lost her home after a hospital sued for unpaid bills

1H ago istock-000021256287-medium.jpg Donald Trump

Trump's Cabinet has included more ex-lobbyists than Obama or Bush

President Trump claimed he would drain the swamp, but it's unclear what he meant by that

38M ago Donald Trump New Yorkers Remember Victims Of Mass Shootings In El Paso And Dayton

Ocasio-Cortez makes first endorsement for a House primary challenger

The prominent progressive congresswoman endorsed Marie Newman in her challenge against Illinois Congressman Dan Lipinski

40M ago New Yorkers Remember Victims Of Mass Shootings In El Paso And Dayton FILE PHOTO: A bump fire stock that attaches to a semi-automatic rifle to increase the firing rate is seen at Good Guys Gun Shop in Orem

Author of early "red flag" law says it has "stood the test of time"

Michael Lawlor wrote the nation's first red flag law, enacted in 1999 in Connecticut

1H ago FILE PHOTO: A bump fire stock that attaches to a semi-automatic rifle to increase the firing rate is seen at Good Guys Gun Shop in Orem 171011-en-duncan-cyrus-vance.jpg

New York prosecutors subpoena Trump's tax returns – AP source

The Associated Press reports Manhattan D.A. Cyrus Vance Jr. recently sent a subpoena to Trump's accounting firm seeking the last eight years of state and federal tax returns for Trump and the Trump Organization

3H ago 171011-en-duncan-cyrus-vance.jpg Democratic U.S. presidential candidate and South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks during the 2019 Presidential Galivants Ferry Stump Meeting in Gallivants Ferry

Buttigieg releases disaster relief plan after volunteering in South Carolina

Conway suffered extensive flooding after Hurricane Florence last year

3H ago Democratic U.S. presidential candidate and South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks during the 2019 Presidential Galivants Ferry Stump Meeting in Gallivants Ferry Journalist Cokie Roberts appears at the National Press Foundation's annual awards dinner on February 10, 2009, in Washington.

Cokie Roberts, veteran political reporter, has died at age 75

Cokie Roberts was a longtime political reporter and analyst at ABC News and NPR

1H ago Journalist Cokie Roberts appears at the National Press Foundation's annual awards dinner on February 10, 2009, in Washington. 640_alex_trebek_125682855.jpg

Alex Trebek back to chemotherapy after "numbers went sky high"

Trebek said he lost 12 pounds in one week and that at times his treatment left him in "excruciating pain" and depressed

4H ago 640_alex_trebek_125682855.jpg ba1019cover01.jpg

Bon Appétit reveals list of the country's 10 best new restaurants

Including a noodle shop in Dallas and a taco restaurant in Portland

5H ago ba1019cover01.jpg 0916-en-snlfiring-1934761-640x360.jpg

Shane Gillis fired from SNL

Comedian Shane Gillis was fired from "Saturday Night Live" just days after he was introduced as one of the show's new cast members. His departure comes after racist remarks made on multiple podcasts resurfaced.

19H ago 00:19 0916-en-snlfiring-1934761-640x360.jpg shane-gillis-podcast.png

Shane Gillis fired by SNL over racist and homophobic videos

A spokesperson for the show says Gillis "will not be joining SNL" and called the comedian's language "offensive, hurtful and unacceptable"

19H ago shane-gillis-podcast.png US-real estate-economy-computers-trend

Despite hot year for IPOs, WeWork's stock sale delayed

The money-losing co-working company is pushing back its IPO amid a frosty reception over its valuation and business model

1H ago US-real estate-economy-computers-trend Koehler Urges Higher Gas Prices

"Dark web" hackers could target gas pumps

The burgeoning "Internet of Things" connects consumers to the web through everyday devices — where hackers lurk

Sep 13 Koehler Urges Higher Gas Prices US-LIFESTYLE-WORKING

California's "Uber law" to affect far more than Uber

Proposed law could change the working lives of truckers, house cleaners, janitors and even freelance writers

Sep 13 US-LIFESTYLE-WORKING Apple iPhone 11

Apple reveals updated iPhones, watch and Apple TV series

The company's annual product event comes as it's selling fewer and fewer iPhones

Sep 10 Apple iPhone 11 istock88471337large.jpg

Startup can mine people's data from LinkedIn profiles

Company called HiQ Labs wins court OK to scrape profiles on LinkedIn for data about people's lives and connections

Sep 9 istock88471337large.jpg a47-vigliotti-the-blob-transfer-frame-3758.jpg

Pacific Ocean "blob" harming marine life

Rising temperatures are causing coral reefs to crumble and another blob could decimate the shellfish industry

19H ago a47-vigliotti-the-blob-transfer-frame-3758.jpg TOPSHOT-INDIA-ECONOMY-ENVIRONMENT

Climate change will be an issue for most voters in 2020 — CBS News poll

But compared to other issues, Democrats rate the climate change issue more importantly than Republicans do

20H ago TOPSHOT-INDIA-ECONOMY-ENVIRONMENT patta-climate-arctic-ice-mission-frame-2660.jpg

Scientists brave the Arctic to study climate change

The scientists are hoping the expedition will raise our understanding of climate change to a new level

Sep 16 patta-climate-arctic-ice-mission-frame-2660.jpg aquarius-reef-base.jpg

Studying Earth's climate by living under the sea

Scientists at an underwater observatory off the Florida Keys are examining the effects of climate change on sea grass beds and the health of ecosystems

Sep 16 aquarius-reef-base.jpg ftnfivethingseyeonearth.jpg

5 things to know about climate change

"Face the Nation" moderator Margaret Brennan explains five things you need to know about climate change and its impact on the world

Sep 15 ftnfivethingseyeonearth.jpg smoggy city

"Like a sunburn on your lungs": How does the climate crisis impact health?

Children, pregnant people and the elderly are the most at risk from extreme weather and heat – but the impact is already felt across every specialty of medicine

12M ago smoggy city istock-000021256287-medium.jpg

Hospitals are some of America's toughest debt collectors

"How am I ever going to pay off $164,000?" asks one patient who lost her home after a hospital sued for unpaid bills

1H ago istock-000021256287-medium.jpg gold-medal-flour-5-lb-unbleached.jpg

General Mills recalls Gold Medal flour after E. coli found

Warning comes two months after health officials said an E. coli outbreak linked to other flour brands was apparently over

2H ago gold-medal-flour-5-lb-unbleached.jpg US-POLITICS-JUSTICE-RIGHTS-ABORTION

Abortion clinics report record-high violence

One provider said the movement against abortion access feels similar to when Dr. George Tiller, a well-known abortion doctor, was assassinated in 2009

5H ago US-POLITICS-JUSTICE-RIGHTS-ABORTION lily-mae-avant-brain-eating-amoeba.jpg

Girl dies from brain-eating amoeba after swimming

10-year-old Lily Mae Avant died overnight on Monday after fighting for her life in Cook Children's Hospital in Fort Worth

23H ago lily-mae-avant-brain-eating-amoeba.jpg US-real estate-economy-computers-trend

Despite hot year for IPOs, WeWork's stock sale delayed

The money-losing co-working company is pushing back its IPO amid a frosty reception over its valuation and business model

1H ago US-real estate-economy-computers-trend gold-medal-flour-5-lb-unbleached.jpg

General Mills recalls Gold Medal flour after E. coli found

Warning comes two months after health officials said an E. coli outbreak linked to other flour brands was apparently over

2H ago gold-medal-flour-5-lb-unbleached.jpg 171011-en-duncan-cyrus-vance.jpg

New York prosecutors subpoena Trump's tax returns – AP source

The Associated Press reports Manhattan D.A. Cyrus Vance Jr. recently sent a subpoena to Trump's accounting firm seeking the last eight years of state and federal tax returns for Trump and the Trump Organization

3H ago 171011-en-duncan-cyrus-vance.jpg pump jack in an oil field

What is the Strategic Petroleum Reserve?

World's largest stockpile of emergency oil has been tapped only three times — it may be time for a fourth

21H ago pump jack in an oil field colin-kaepernick-nike.jpg

Kaepernick's Nike commercial wins Emmy

More than a year after the controversial ad first aired, it is being recognized as one of television's best commercials

Sep 16 colin-kaepernick-nike.jpg Airport Lounge, St. Petersburg

Russia frees U.S. woman jailed a month for marijuana

St. Petersburg court found Audrey Lorber guilty of "attempting to import" pot she had a U.S. prescription for, but freed her on time served

5H ago Airport Lounge, St. Petersburg 0917-ctm-serialkillerarrest-bojorquez-1934923-640x360.jpg

Police arrest potential killer with genealogy

Police in Florida have arrested a possible serial killer using genealogy and DNA collected from a cigarette. Robert Haye was charged in Palm Beach County with first-degree murder for the death of one woman, and more charges are expected. Police say the 37-year-old is believed to have killed at least four women over more than 10 years. Manuel Bojorquez reports.

6H ago 02:06 0917-ctm-serialkillerarrest-bojorquez-1934923-640x360.jpg casei-jones-and-her-4-kids.jpg

Husband arrested after missing woman and her 4 kids found dead

Police believe they've found the remains of four young children hours after their mother was found dead in Georgia

10H ago casei-jones-and-her-4-kids.jpg 0916-newspath-mono133-1934650-640x360.jpg

Florida serial killing suspect in court

Police in Florida say Robert Tyrone Hayes, 37, is linked to the murders of at least four women spanning a decade in Daytona Beach and Palm Beach County. Hayes, who has been charged with only one of the murders, appeared in a Palm Beach County court Monday and was ordered held without bail.

20H ago 01:00 0916-newspath-mono133-1934650-640x360.jpg suspect2.jpg

DNA leads to arrest of "Daytona Serial Killer" suspect

Police say a man they arrested in a 2016 South Florida murder is also linked to three other killings 200 miles away

20H ago suspect2.jpg brad-pitt.jpg

Brad Pitt asks NASA astronaut: Who was better — me or Clooney?

Pitt plays an astronaut in his newest film, "Ad Astra", which will be released nationwide Friday

Sep 16 brad-pitt.jpg Harvest Moon

Friday the 13th to get full Harvest Moon

Lucky us – the rare occurrence hasn't happened in 19 years

Sep 13 Harvest Moon 091019-fire1.jpg

Fire delays rocket launch to the International Space Station

It's not yet known when the HTV-8 cargo ship will be launched to the International Space Station

Sep 10 091019-fire1.jpg cbsn-fusion-india-loses-communication-with-lunar-lander-thumbnail-1928725-640x360.jpg

India fails to land on the moon

India hoped to become the fourth nation to soft-land on the moon with their Chandrayaan-2 space mission. But their space agency, ISRO, lost communication with their lander just before the mission was complete. CBS News Space Consultant Bill Harwood joins CBSN to discuss the apparent failure.

Sep 12 05:43 cbsn-fusion-india-loses-communication-with-lunar-lander-thumbnail-1928725-640x360.jpg 090619-landing2.jpg

Indian spacecraft apparently crashes in moon landing attempt

India seeks to join the U.S., Russia and China as the only countries to successfully land a spacecraft on the moon

Sep 6 090619-landing2.jpg robert-frank-the-americans-trolley-new-orleans-1955-nga-promo-660.jpg

Photographer Robert Frank 1924-2019

A look back at the work of one of the most influential of photographers who created intimate, moody portraits of an America struggling to define itself in a post-war world

Sep 10 19 photos robert-frank-the-americans-trolley-new-orleans-1955-nga-promo-660.jpg Damage at the Abaco Beach Resort during the eye of  Hurricane Dorian in Marsh Harbour

Photos: Hurricane Dorian's devastation

"Everything's gone! Everything!" one woman said after Dorian slammed into the Bahamas

Sep 6 42 photos Damage at the Abaco Beach Resort during the eye of  Hurricane Dorian in Marsh Harbour raiders.jpg

The most valuable NFL teams in 2019, ranked

Thanks to some pricey TV deals, a relocation, and brand-new stadiums, the NFL has never been more valuable.

Sep 5 40 photos raiders.jpg Washington Redskins v New England Patriots

Highest-paid NFL players in 2019, ranked

These are the NFL superstars who earn the most cash this season

Aug 29 50 photos Washington Redskins v New England Patriots ashleyfallisparents.jpg

Ashley Fallis death: A family's fight for justice

Was the Colorado mother's 2012 death a suicide, as her husband maintains, or was it murder, as her parents insist?

Aug 24 15 photos ashleyfallisparents.jpg cbsn-fusion-rep-ayanna-pressley-pushes-for-kavanaugh-impeachment-resolution-thumbnail-347980-640x360.jpg

Popular

Congresswoman urges Kavanaugh impeachment

Democratic Congresswoman Ayanna Pressley is introducing a resolution calling for an impeachment inquiry into Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh, after a report of additional allegations of sexual misconduct during his time in college. The Boston Globe's James Pindell joins CBSN with more on the latest developments.

updated 7M ago 01:04 cbsn-fusion-rep-ayanna-pressley-pushes-for-kavanaugh-impeachment-resolution-thumbnail-347980-640x360.jpg cbsn-fusion-legendary-journalist-cokie-roberts-dead-at-75-thumbnail-347854-640x360.jpg

Legendary journalist Cokie Roberts dead at 75

Cokie Roberts, the longtime chief congressional analyst at ABC News, has died at the age of 75. She started her career as a foreign correspondent for CBS Radio, NPR and others. Vladimir Duthiers has more.

1H ago 00:37 cbsn-fusion-legendary-journalist-cokie-roberts-dead-at-75-thumbnail-347854-640x360.jpg master-drinking-1920x1080-1927508-640x360.jpg

Drinking culture and American kids

On America's college campuses, there are epidemics we talk about and those we don't. When sexual assaults or fraternity hazing deaths make headlines, court cases follow and new rules are enacted, but less attention is paid to an underlying issue – binge drinking culture. CBSN Originals explores how drinking to excess is not only considered normal, but cool, and how for many young people "blacking out" is less a rarity than an every weekend occurrence – with grave consequences.

Sep 5 23:34 master-drinking-1920x1080-1927508-640x360.jpg 0917-newspath-americancitizensredsoxgame-1935118-640x360.jpg

New citizens sworn in at Phillies-Red Sox game

Naturalization ceremonies normally take place at courthouses around the country, but for the past four years, the U.S. courts have been bringing these patriotic occasions out of the courthouse and into communities – like this Major League Baseball game in Philadelphia.

2H ago 00:20 0917-newspath-americancitizensredsoxgame-1935118-640x360.jpg 0917-cbsn-fgm-redflaglaws-1935093-640x360.jpg

Do red flag laws help prevent gun violence?

Sources tell Politico President Trump will not consider the House-passed bill on universal background checks as part of his upcoming gun proposal. He previously said he would support expanding background checks and creating a federal red flag law. Michael Lawlor, an associate professor of criminal justice at the University of New Haven, wrote Connecticut's red flag law, the first of its kind in the U.S., and joined CBSN to discuss its impact on the state.

2H ago 10:22 0917-cbsn-fgm-redflaglaws-1935093-640x360.jpg

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here